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2018年06月29日

China’s aid will improve cooperation with Ethiopia

China's development cooperation has long been an important part of its relationship with Ethiopia, which started soon after the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1970.


Complete projects have been the main form of China's development efforts in Ethiopia. China has supported Ethiopia in constructing dozens of projects, including highway interchanges and energy stations. China also provided food, tents and medicine when Ethiopia suffered from a massive drought in 2011.


In the technical cooperation area, China has dispatched agricultural and health experts to provide technical guidance to local people. In addition, China has run seminars and training programs for government officials and technical personnel, and provided scholarships for Ethiopian students.


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Economic cooperation and trade made steady progress, with bilateral trade continuing to expand. Chinese companies were actively involved in Ethiopia's Growth and Transformation plan, and progress was achieved in mutually beneficial cooperation. Ethiopia-related projects under the framework of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation were implemented step by step.


Still, geopolitical risk is potentially increasing and Ethiopia's business climate is relatively poor. Additionally, the African nation's currency is often volatile. Influenced by falling commodity prices, the value of coffee exports and other agriculture products has decreased. Widening trade deficits influence the nation's ability to pay back debt.


According to data from the IMF and World Bank, Ethiopia has faced challenges in meeting its debt payments since 2017, leading to increasing debt distress.


Furthermore, Ethiopia is short of specialized technicians, notably those in the pharmaceutical industry. Companies need to repay the educational costs of those they want to hire; otherwise, those people are required to work for state agencies first. There are not enough skilled industrial staff, so Chinese companies need to train them first, not only in terms of skills but also in work behavior.


Based on the existing road, bridge and railway programs between China and Ethiopia, the two governments should support cooperation in the area of transportation, boosting railway operations and management capability in Ethiopia. This effort could include helping Ethiopia to build a state-level transportation university that will focus on training senior engineers and promoting technological innovation in rail transit and bridge engineering.


The two countries should establish small-scale railway training centers in the cities along the Addis Ababa-Djibouti Railway, combining the practice of railway management with the training of skilled workers in operations. Regarding energy and electricity, the two states should utilize interest-free loans and concessional loans to support the renovation and upgrading of the grid, which would increase the electricity supply of industrial zones and surrounding areas.


China should work with Ethiopia in technological cooperation, improving Ethiopian industrial-zone policies, as well as investment and trade policies. China can encourage officers from the Ethiopian Investment Agency and Industrial parks Development Corporation of Ethiopia to come to China and study its experience of developing industrial zones. participation in those programs should be extended to middle- and lower-level government officials.


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Also, experts who work on Chinese economic reform can go to Ethiopia and meet with the Ethiopian Investment Agency to discuss policies related to attracting foreign investment. Aid programs should be specialized in particular areas like promoting trade and supporting academic exchanges in customs, tax, inspection and quarantine procedures. Such programs can further enhance the understanding of export policies and regulations in both nations, which will help reduce non-tariff barriers such as miscommunication and problematic business environments.


Chinese WTO researchers and regional trade dealers can go to Ethiopia to help Ethiopia start capacity-building and training programs in the rules of international trade.


Also, China could design human resources development programs based on various factors. Considering the advantages of the cheap labor force in Ethiopia, we suggest that China should renovate or build state-level vocational schools. It should design the categories of training in those schools and open courses related to textiles and light industry, mechanical engineering, auto repair, and architectural engineering, which will target preferred development areas and meet demand for labor.


Academic programs should invest more in mathematical and engineering majors based on the Chinese educational advantages in these majors. The programs should cultivate international students, mainly senior engineers and technicians, who understand the technical standards of China and can look at issues with a Chinese perspective.


We also suggest that China should work with Ethiopian universities and think tanks in conducting research. China should also encourage Ethiopian professors, mainly those who work in mathematics and engineering, to come to China for further study. This will help disseminate Chinese experience through Ethiopian experts.



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タグ :China’s


Posted by VV at 12:45Comments(0)商業

2018年06月19日

無錫尚德攜手俄羅斯太陽能矽科技簽署組件供貨合作協議小心隱形噪音損傷人體心血管


  在現代養生中,非常看重環境對人體健康的影響。有研究發現,環境的改善,可對人體健康起到至關重要的作用。近日,保健專家發現,隱形噪音可能會損傷人體心血管。接下來,具體介紹了隱形噪音的危害。


老年 黃斑 病變的治療並不會帶來痛楚,很多老年朋友並不重視,認為那是自然的機體老化,在不治療的情況下黃斑病變這個病情惡化會變成濕性的黃斑點,必須進行定期檢查及早保護視力,避免造成永久性損傷。

  隱形噪音損傷人體心血管,隱形噪音,保健


  歐美的一個研究小組通過研究已出版的關於噪音與健康的文獻發現,噪音與心髒病、認知行為、睡眠障礙等相關聯。比如,人們睡覺的時候,聽覺系統依舊處於開啟狀態,能夠接收外界環境的聲音。這些噪聲會使人們夜裏反複蘇醒卻不知何故。另外,長期處於噪音環境中,會導致血壓升高、壓力激素不斷釋放。長期以往,就會導致心腦血管疾病,如心髒病和中風的發生。


  研究人員還提到,噪音還會影響到兒童的心理健康,包括導致交流障礙、注意力不集中、習得性無助(通過學習形成的對現實無望的心理狀態)、情緒低落、焦躁以及因睡眠問題導致的行為失常。


周指傳統檢查脂肪肝方法包括驗血及腹部超聲波,前者只能檢驗肝酵素水平,後者亦未能準確反映病情,利用肝纖維化掃描器可準確反映肝臟脂肪含量及纖維化程度,有助針對性處方藥物;而低糖低脂飲食、每周最少150分鐘中等至劇烈運動、攝足夠水溶性膳食纖維,有助改善病情。

  另外,醫院,特別是特護病房的儀器、交談聲和呼叫機發出的噪音也會增加病人的心腦血管壓力和疾病的治愈時間。同時有證據表明,醫院的噪音也影響到了醫護人員,導致他們情緒急躁、身體變弱、工作表現變差。


  雖然我們不能完全避開噪音,但研究負責人馬賽厄斯·巴斯內博士提出了一些好的建議來減輕噪音的影響:如果你的房子面朝喧囂的馬路,那就把臥室設計在遠離馬路的房子背面;盡量減少室內鍾表、冰箱等發出的噪音。另外,使用防噪耳機來控制耳朵對噪音的吸收也是個好辦法。


  所以說,隱形噪音是會損傷你人體心血管的,遠離隱形噪音的困擾才是關鍵。保健專家提示,要想遠離隱形造成的威脅,養成良好的生活習慣,注意健康生活方式的改善,這對於降低隱形噪音的危害是有幫助的。


壓力脫髮的現象十分的常見,對於普通人來說,每一天都會掉頭發



  


Posted by VV at 13:03Comments(0)养生

2018年06月12日

那麽多巨頭跨界做手機為什麽隻有華為成功了護膚品不吸收?皮膚吸收的本質是什麼

天熱,臉上膩膩的,塗啥都不吸收,皮膚很很暗沉,是不是產品不好?”


為什麼經常有妹紙會反應用護膚品時覺得“不好吸收呢”?


可是經過一段時間以後,令人煩惱的妊娠紋不但沒有消除反而越演越烈,讓渴望重回職場的女性十分擔憂,長此以往也會因為擔憂而情緒亮起紅燈,很多女性朋友都在問,到底有沒有一款可以讓他們擺脫妊娠紋的淡斑方法呢?

吸不吸收,主要還是跟質地、每個人對吸收的“感覺”有關,也可稱為“膚感”!


當皮膚抹了一樣東西之後的觸感,是潤還是幹,吸收快慢直觀的感受!


有人覺得面霜“不吸收”,很有可能就是在皮膚表面形成的保護膜比較堅實,或者還沒有完全和皮膚貼合在一起。


反之,很多讓人覺得“清爽好吸收”的東西,其實在皮膚表面形成的保護膜非常薄弱。


如今市場上激光脫毛去斑五花八門,但必須警惕找正規美容機構,對症下“光”才是激光脫毛去斑關鍵一步

護膚品停留在皮膚表層有什麼作用?


停留在皮膚表面的一些護膚品,能夠和皮膚天然皮脂膜融為一體的物質,它們有的可以源源不斷為表皮補充水分,有的則參與皮脂膜的修複,好比各類油脂類物質,讓原本受損或者不那麼強悍的天然屏障變得強健,抵禦外界的不良刺激。


有一些產品本來就不是讓你吸收的,比如凡士林,矽霜,都是這種產品。包括物理防曬霜,都是在你的皮膚上形成一道膜,阻擋水分從裏面出去,阻擋外界的東西往裏進去。


健康的肌膚屏障


夏天汗多,有些人出汗都覺得皮膚刺刺的,其實也是受損有炎症的表現。這種時候,如果塗抹護膚品就會有刺痛感,增加皮膚負擔!


所以說,想要皮膚有效吸收,首先皮膚本身必須健康穩定,肌膚屏障受損的話,再好的產品用了也浪費!其次慢慢了解產品成分,護膚品是否有效和產品成分是分不開的,


保持好身材是很不容易的事情,我們要多注意飲食和運動,但是女孩子常常會忽略這些問題,經常嘴巴上都說,要瘦身減肥,可是等到長胖的時候才意識到自己之前的行為是錯誤的。既然結果已經釀成了,大家還是要想辦法減肥才好。

如何有效使用護膚品?


保濕類型的產品,塗抹開就可以,不需要反複地在臉上蹭——因為只是覆蓋皮膚表面就行了。


美白和防曬類型的產品,記得多塗抹幾下,盡量均勻一些。這種塗抹其實對於“吸收”幫助不大,主要是照顧到邊邊角角,不要有的地方沒塗到。


對於點塗的產品,比如抗痘的水楊酸凝膠,也是在局部塗抹均勻就可以,不用考慮吸收不吸收。


功能型的產品,注意避光(陽光,不是燈光)——夜間使用更好,白天使用必須配合防曬。dream beauty pro 唔会hard sell






 

  


Posted by VV at 18:51Comments(0)科技